Persons with disabilities have an equal right to travel and use public and private transportation infrastructure with dignity and independence. Accessible transportation plays a critical role in the growth of its economy. Inaccessible transportation system restricts mobility, denies freedom of movement and active participation, for much of the population who may need accessible transportation.
The revised National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP), 2014 includes universal accessibility in all the planning and implementation interventions. Indian Roads Congress code 103:2012 Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities provides inclusive roads and street design standards.
Some of the key features related to transport infrastructure accessibility are as follows:
- Well lit streets and bus shelters
- Raised pedestrian crossings to facilitate barrier free movement with differently textured paving material to make the crossing more perceivable
- Footpaths with even surface for movement of mobility aid users and continuous tactile pavers along the entire stretch for persons with visual impairment
- Special white lighting for footpaths that maintains colour contrast from road and ensures that the tactile pavers are visible at night
- Audible light signals that beep when light is green
- Bus shelters with barrier-free access having defined boarding gates with warning tiles
- Folding ramp inside low floor buses allows access to mobility aid users
- Space to park wheelchairs with provision of safety belt to secure during journey inside the buses
- Provision of Braille signage and audible messages on signage panels
- Metro stations and coaches with accessibility features Transportation is a vital component for independent living, and like others in society, PwDs rely on transportation facilities to move from one place to another. The term transportation covers a number of areas including air travel, buses, taxis, and trains.